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Saturday, April 15, 2006

Good Friday addendum

Some additional information. The Jewish month in which both Passover and Unleaved Bread is Nisan. According to Jewish and Biblical law, Passover was held on the 14th and the Feast of Unleavened Bread on the 15th.

"Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread are held in immediate sequence. These are distinctly different holidays falling on different days; however, due to their closeness they are usually treated as one festival." Biblical Holidays website.

Here is an excerpt from the book "A Family Guide to Biblical Holidays"-

"The Bible records Passover kept the second year after the Exodus, then
again when the Jews reached the promised land (Joshua 5:10). The requirements
directing the Passover meal in the Exodus 12:1-13:16 outline were followed:

1.) The celebration was to be during “the first month,” Abib (Nisan).
2.) On the tenth day of this month, each household would select a oneyear-
old lamb or kid.
3.) On the fourteenth day of the same month, the lamb was killed in the
4.) The blood of the lamb was to be put on the two side posts and on the
upper door post of the houses.
5.) The lamb was to be roasted with fire, his head with his legs, and no
bones broken.
6.) The lamb was to be eaten with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs.
7.) None of the lamb was to remain—all that was not eaten was to be
burnt with fire.
8.) They were to eat the meal with their shoes on and staff in their hands,
in haste.
9.) This feast day was declared a memorial to be kept forever.

...Unleavened Bread and Passover are used in the Gospels interchangeably.
Strictly speaking, the Passover was Nisan 14 and the Unleavened Bread
Nisan 15 through 21."

As I previously mentioned, it is technically accurate that the 14th was Passover, the 15th was the Feast of Unleavened Bread and that both were high Sabbaths. The 21st would also be a high day, since both the first and last days of the week of Unleavened Bread would be high days.

Leviticus 4:4-8 - "'These are the LORD's appointed feasts, the sacred assemblies you are to proclaim at their appointed times: The LORD's Passover begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month. On the fifteenth day of that month the LORD's Feast of Unleavened Bread begins; for seven days you must eat bread made without yeast. On the first day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. For seven days present an offering made to the LORD by fire. And on the seventh day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work.' " (emphasis mine)

See Annie's Feasts of the Bible for some great additional information.

In any event, I believe Jesus celebrated the Passover on the day required by scripture and that the Jews in general combined the days and celebrated Passover along with the Feast on the 15th, as mentioned in my previous post.

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