Search This Blog

Tuesday, June 29, 2010

Richard Dawkins stumped by creationists' question (RAW FTGE) and Darwinists bungle Linnaen classification

Darwinists seek to avoid debate

In this article, my words will be in this color other than an occasional link.  Standard print indicates content from another source, all of which are linked.

Funny how, when offered a chance to show the world how the evidence supports Darwinism over Creationism, it is the Darwinists who run away as fast as they can.   In a world in which they close their eyes and ears to evidence contrary to what they wish to believe as if small children, there is the occasional brave one who will come forth bravely from time to time.  Or, at least he used to come forth.  Richard Dawkins!   But having lost a debate to a supposedly inferior foe, and having been made to look silly by Ben Stein (here comes panspermia again, lol) and then completely being befuddled on videotape, he too has quit trying.  Why go to a gunfight with no bullets, right?




So it goes.  The video cuts out part of the time that Dawkins sits there dumbfounded.  He never does answer the question, as you see, but instead goes rambling on in another direction that is simplistic and probably would cause other Darwinists to object.  Richard Dawkins has made a fortune on a variety of concepts he has popularized that have been disproven and a few books that have been proven top-sellers.  So in this world I cannot feel too sorry for him.  Give him credit for trying, he has more cajones than the majority of Darwinists in the world who will not dare to debate a credentialed YEC opponent.  Naturally Dawkins doesn't debate people of the YEC persuasion any more but for awhile he bravely went forth and that is in itself to be commended.

You cannot get a P.Z. Myers (as a for instance) to debate a Jonathan Sarfati because Sarfati would make mincemeat of him.   I promise that if ever P.Z. reads this blog and contacts me I can get ahold of Jonathan Sarfati and arrange for a debate.  Not because I am anyone but I know someone who is and I am acquainted with some of the Creation Science folks at a handful of sites.  But I betcha it will never happen because the evidence favors YEC.  As it happens Dr. Sarfati has moved to the United States and is most often here rather than in the land of Oz (Australia).  

I do want to make a note of the fact that Christopher Hitchens has been, unlike the Darwinist scientific community, quite willing to debate metaphysical topics with a conservative Christian and there is book and DVD available for those who are interested.

For example, Darwinists have made a mess of Linnaeus and his classification system.  Carl was a believer in a Creator God and he was trying to classify the types of organisms with that in mind.

I have read the book and watched the DVD with great interest.  An avowed atheist and a dedicated Christian pastor in an ongoing debate both officially before crowds and then carried on in bars and restaurants and homes and in the back of vehicles taking them to yet another destination.   It is a story of friendship between men who are able to disagree completely on some issues and yet remain respectful.  Good stuff!




"(from Conservapedia)
Linnaean taxonomy refers to the taxonomic system developed in the 18th century by Carolus Linnaeus wherein life forms are classified according to a ranked hierarchy.
The basic hierarchy (leaving out the sub- or super- ranks, and other more technical ranks) is as follows:
  • Domain
    • Kingdom
      • Phylum
        • Class
          • Order
            • Family
              • Genus
                • Species
Linnaean taxonomy was originally developed as a physicotheological system in which nature was viewed as another testament of God to be read much like the Bible. By seeking to document the patterns of continunity in Creation, Linnaeus and his peers hoped to elucidate the mind of God[1]. It was not originally meant to describe a system of biological descent, which Linnaeus, a devout Christian and creationist[2], would have considered shocking[3]. Linnaeus also applied his taxonomy to mineralogy[4], but that usage has been superseded by chemical classifications.

Evolutionists inherited the Linnaean system from the Christian founders of biology and tried to adapt it to the Darwinian world view of ever-transmogrifying species. However, since the Linnaean system describes a fixed creation with no way for members of one order or family to move to another order or family, this Neo-Linnaean Synthesis has always been problematic.

While the system is still in almost universal use for the naming and categorizing of creatures -- especially in the form of the binomial nomenclature, where species are given a scientific, Latinate name comprised of a generic and specific descriptor (e.g. the common wombat is known as Vombatus ursinus) -- it has largely been replaced as a framework for describing origins by creation science's baraminology and the evolutionists' cladistics.

Later developments since Linnaeus

Over time, our understanding of the relationships between living things has changed. Linnaeus could only base his scheme on the structural similarities of the different organisms. The greatest change was the generally understood classifications ought to reflect the phylogeny of organisms, by grouping each taxon so as to include the common ancestor of the group's members (and thus to avoid polyphyly). Such taxa may be either monophyletic (including all descendants) such as genus Homo, or paraphyletic (excluding some descendants), such as genus Australopithecus.

Originally, Linnaeus established three kingdoms in his scheme, namely Plantae, Animalia and an additional group for minerals, which has long since been abandoned. Since then, various life forms have been moved into three new kingdoms: Monera, for prokaryotes (i.e., bacteria); Protista, for protozoans and most algae; and Fungi. This five kingdom scheme is still far from the phylogenetic ideal and has largely been supplanted in modern taxonomic work by a division into three domains: Bacteria and Archaea, which contain the prokaryotes, and Eukaryota, comprising the remaining forms. This change was precipitated by the discovery of the Archaea. These arrangements should not be seen as definitive. They are based on the genomes of the organisms; as knowledge on this increases, so will the categories change.

References

  1. "Linnaeus' view of nature", Linné On Line
  2. "Faith in the Bible and Creation", Linné On Line
  3. "Carl Linnaeus", biography
  4. "Linnaeus as a minerologist", Linné On Line"
Back to our movie:  While Darwinists have been at work creating cladograms and continually revising their idea of what they refer to as taxonomy, the YEC scientists have been working on furthering the work of Linnaeus himself:  Those of you who are regular readers will remember that I posted on this very thing in Baramins and Baranomes back in May.

Ligers and wholphins? What next?

Crazy mixed-up animals … what do they tell us? They seem to defy man-made classification systems—but what about the created ‘kinds’ in Genesis?

If we can cross-breed a zebra and a horse (to produce a ‘zorse’), a lion and a tiger (a liger or tigon), or a false killer whale and a dolphin (a wholphin), what does this tell us about the original kinds of animals that God created?

The Bible tells us in Genesis chapter 1 that God created plants to produce seed ‘after their kind’ (vv. 11, 12). God also created the animals to reproduce ‘after their kind’ (vv. 20, 24, 25). ‘After their/its kind’ is repeated ten times in Genesis 1, giving emphasis to the principle. And we take it for granted. When we plant a tomato seed, we don’t expect to see a geranium pop up out of the ground. Nor do we expect that our dog will give birth to kittens or that Aunt Betty, who is expecting, will bring home a chimpanzee baby from the hospital! Our everyday experience confirms the truth of the Bible that things produce offspring true to their kind.
But what is a created ‘kind’? And what organisms today represent the kinds God created in the beginning? The creationist scientist, Carolus Linnaeus (1707–1778), the founder of the science of taxonomy,1 tried to determine the created kinds. He defined a ‘species’ as a group of organisms that could interbreed among themselves, but not with another group, akin to the Genesis concept. (See aside below.)

Linnaeus operated on the assumption that God created kinds of animals and plants and that the organisms observed today are the speciated survivors of the thousands of years since the Flood rather than a result of millions of years of blind chance.

Finding the created kinds

From Genesis 1, the ability to produce offspring, i.e. to breed with one another, defines the original created kinds. Linnaeus recognised this, but named many species2 without any breeding experiments, on the basis of such things as flower characteristics. In his mature years he did extensive hybridization (cross-breeding) experiments and realised that his ‘species’ concept was too narrow for the species to be considered as created kinds; he thought that the genus perhaps corresponded better with the created kind.3,4

  
Even today, creationists are often misrepresented as believing that God created all the species we have today, just like they are today, in the beginning. This is called ‘fixity of species’. The Bible does not teach this. Nevertheless, university professors often show students that a new ‘species’ has arisen in ferment flies, for example, and then claim that this disproves the Genesis account of creation. Darwin made this very mistake when he studied the finches and tortoises on the Galapagos islands. (He also erred in assuming that creation implied that each organism was made where it is now found; but from the Bible it is clear that today’s land-dwelling vertebrates migrated to their present locations after the Flood.)

If two animals or two plants can hybridize (at least enough to produce a truly fertilized egg), then they must belong to (i.e. have descended from) the same original created kind. If the hybridizing species are from different genera in a family, it suggests that the whole family might have come from the one created kind. If the genera are in different families within an order, it suggests that maybe the whole order may have derived from the original created kind. 

Herein is a rubber-meets-road statement.  We believe that God created kinds that cannot become another kind.  But kinds can and will speciate.  Based on modern genetic research we now know that all the information required to speciate is contained within the DNA of the cell and also that the cell controls the reproduction process to conserve the kind while allowing for speciation in order to adjust to changes in environment.  Natural selection does drive speciation but, just as a driver can get in a car and go to Chicago, the driver can only steer what is already available to him (the vehicle) and take the roads or tracks already available to travel there.  The driver cannot snap his fingers and make a VW into a Cadillac nor can he head towards a stand of trees and expect a road to magically appear.   Natural selection is just that, selection from a pre-existing menu.

On the other hand, if two species will not hybridize, it does not necessarily prove that they are not originally from the same kind. We all know of couples who cannot have children, but this does not mean they are separate species!


In the case of three species, A, B and C, if A and B can each hybridize with C, then it suggests that all three are of the same created kind—whether or not A and B can hybridize with each other. Breeding barriers can arise through such things as mutations. For example, two forms of ferment flies (Drosophila) produced offspring that could not breed with the parent species.5 That is, they were a new biological ‘species’. This was due to a slight chromosomal rearrangement, not any new genetic information. The new ‘species’ was indistinguishable from the parents and obviously the same kind as the parents, since it came from them.

Following are some examples of hybrids that show that the created kind is often at a higher level than the species, or even the genus, named by taxonomists.

Mules, zeedonks and zorses

zonkey zorse
Zonkeys result from a cross between a zebra and a donkey (left). ‘Tigger’ (above ), belongs to Camilla Maluotoga, from New Mexico in the USA, and is the name she gave to this cross between a horse and a zebra, known as a zorse.
Crossing a male ass (donkey—Equus asinus) and a horse (Equus caballus) produces a mule (the reverse is called a hinny). Hybrids between zebras and horses (zorse) and zebras and donkeys (zedonk, zonkey, zebrass) also readily occur.

Some creationists have reasoned that because these hybrids are sterile, the horse, ass and zebra must be separate created kinds. However, not only does this go beyond the biblical text, it is overwhelmingly likely that horses, asses and zebras (six species of Equus) are the descendants of the one created kind which left the Ark. Hybridization itself suggests this, not whether the offspring are fertile or not. Infertility in offspring can be due to rearrangements of chromosomes in the different species—changes such that the various species have the same DNA information but the chromosomes of the different species no longer match up properly to allow the offspring to be fertile. Such (non-evolutionary) changes within a kind can cause sterility in hybrids.

Ligers


The Created Cat Kind
Possible family tree of cat kind(s)
Possible history of cats since Creation. Speciation (based on pre-existing created genetic information) probably occurred faster after the Flood due to greater environmental pressures, isolation due to migration of small populations, and many unoccupied ecological niches.
A male African lion (Panthera leo) and a female tiger (Panthera tigris) can mate to produce a liger. The reverse cross produces a tigon. Such crossing does not normally happen in the wild because most lions live in Africa and most tigers live in Asia. Also, lions and tigers just don’t mix; they are enemies in the wild. However, the Institute of Greatly Endangered and Rare Species, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina (USA), raised a lion and a tigress together. Arthur, the lion, and Ayla, the tigress, became good friends and bred to produce Samson and Sudan, two huge male ligers. Samson stands 3.7 m (12 feet) tall on his hind legs, weighs 500 kg (1,100 lbs) and can run at 80 km/hr (50 mph).

Lions and tigers belong to the same genus, Panthera, along with the jaguar, leopard and snow leopard, in the subfamily Felinae. This subfamily also contains the genus Felis, which includes the mountain lion and numerous species of smaller cats, including the domestic cat. The cheetah, genus Acinonyx, belongs to a different subfamily.6 Thus the genera Panthera, Felis and Acinonyx may represent descendants of three original created cat kinds, or maybe two: Panthera-Felis and Acinonyx, or even one cat kind. The extinct sabre-tooth tiger may have been a different created kind (see diagram above).

The Panthera cats lack a hyoid bone at the back of the tongue, compared to Felis. Acinonyx has the hyoid, but lacks the ability to retract its claws. So the differences between the cats could have arisen through loss of genetic information due to mutations (loss of the bone; loss of claw retraction). Note that this has nothing to do with molecules-to-man evolution, which requires the addition of new information, not loss of information (which is to be expected in a fallen world as things tend to ‘fall apart’).

Kekaimalu the wholphin

In 1985, Hawaii’s Sea Life Park reported the birth of a baby from the mating of a male false killer whale (Pseudorca crassidens) and a female bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) .7 The birth surprised the park staff, as the parents are rather different in appearance. Here we have a hybrid between different genera in the same family, Delphinidae (dolphins and killer whales).8 Since the offspring in this case are fertile (Kekaimalu has since given birth to a baby wholphin), these two genera are really, by definition, a single polytypic biological species.2 Other genera in the group are much more alike than the two that produced the offspring in Hawaii, which suggests that the 12 living genera might have all descended from the original created kind.

Rama the cama

Veterinarians in the United Arab Emirates successfully cross-bred a camel and a llama. The ‘cama’, named ‘Rama’, has the cloven hooves of a llama and the short ears and tail of a camel. The scientists hope to combine the best qualities of both into the one animal—the superior fleece and calmer temperament of the llama with the larger size of the camel.
‘Genae’ the snake—the live, healthy 
offspring of snakes from two different genera
‘Genae’ the snake—the live, healthy offspring of snakes from two different genera (see main text).

Genae the hybrid snake

‘Genae’ (pictured right) resulted from a cross between an albino corn snake (Elaphe guttata) and an albino king snake (Lampropeltis triangulum) in a reptile park in California.9 Apparently, this particular intergeneric hybrid is fertile. Genae is almost four years old and already 1.4 m (4½ ft) long. The parent snakes belong to the same snake family, Colubridae; the success of this hybrid suggests that the many species and genera of snakes in this family today could have all originally come from the same created kind.

Other hybrids

With the cattle kind, seven species of the genus Bos hybridize, but so also does the North American buffalo, Bison bison, with Bos, to produce a ‘cattalo’. Here the whole family of cattle-type creatures, Bovidae, probably came from an original created cattle kind which was on the Ark.10
 
Plant breeders have bred some agriculturally important plants by hybridizing different species and even genera. For example, triticale, a grain crop, came from a cross of wheat (Triticum) and rye (Secale), another fertile hybrid between genera.

During my years as a research scientist for the government in Australia, I helped create a hybrid of the delicious fruit species lychee (Litchi chinensis) and longan (Dimocarpus longana), which both belong to the same family.11 I also studied the hybrids of six species of the custard apple family, Annonaceae. Each of these two family groupings, recognised by botanists today, probably represents the original created kinds.
lychee longan
The delicious fruit species, lychee (left) and longan (right) hybridize, despite being different genera.
God created all kinds, or basic types, of creatures and plants with the ability to produce variety in their offspring. These varieties come from recombinations of the existing genetic information created in the beginning, through the marvellous reproductive method created by God. Since the Fall (Genesis 3), some variations also occurred through degenerative changes caused by mutations (e.g. loss of wing size in the cormorants of the Galápagos Islands).

The variations allow for the descendants of the created kinds to adapt to different environments and ‘fill the earth’, as God commanded. If genera represent the created kinds, then Noah took less than 20,000 land animals on the Ark; far fewer if kinds occasionally gave rise to families. From these kinds came many ‘daughter species’, which generally each have less information (and are thus more specialized) than the parent population on the Ark. Properly understood, adaptation by natural selection (which gets rid of information) does not involve the addition of new complex DNA information. Thus, students should not be taught that it demonstrates ‘evolution happening’, as if it showed the process by which fish could eventually turn into people.

Understanding what God has told us in Genesis provides a sound foundation for thinking about the classification of living things, as Linnaeus found, and how the great diversity we see today has come about.


Linnaeus and the classification system


Linnaeus
Linnaeus established the two-part naming system of genus and species. For example, he called wheat Triticum aestivum, which means in Latin, ‘summer wheat’. Such ‘scientific’ names are normally italicised, with the genus beginning with a capital. When used in scientific works, the names are followed by the abbreviated name of the scientist responsible for the name. When ‘L.’ follows a name, this shows that Linnaeus first applied the name. For example, the name for maize or ‘corn’ is Zea mays L. Linnaeus named many plants and animals.

There can be one or many species in a genus, so genus is a higher level of classification. Linnaeus also developed the idea of grouping genera (plural of genus) within higher groupings he called orders, and the orders within classes. Linnaeus opposed the pre-Darwin evolutionary ideas of his day, pointing out that life was not a continuum, or a ‘great chain of being’, an ancient pagan Greek idea. He could classify things, usually into neat groups, because of the lack of transitional forms. (some things don't change, eh?)

Later, other levels of classification were added so that today we have species, genus, family, order, class, phylum and kingdom. Sometimes other levels are added, such as subfamily and subphylum.

The world’s only Wholphin … false killer whale/dolphin cross

False killer whales (pseudorcas) and bottlenose dolphins are each from a different genus. Man-made classification systems were thrown into confusion when these two creatures mated and produced a live offspring (see main text).

This suggests that all killer whales and dolphins, which are all in the same family, are the one created kind.
This wholphin’s size, shape and colour are right in between those of her parents. She has 66 teeth—an ‘average’ between pseudorcas (44 teeth) and bottlenose dolphins (88).
Kekaimalu has since mated with a dolphin to produce a live baby.

References and notes

  1. The study of the naming and classification of organisms. Return to text.
  2. ‘Biological species’ is often used today to refer to a group of organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile offspring. It does not always correlate with the taxonomic ‘species’. Note that the kinds would originally have met the criterion for each being a separate biological species, since they did not interbreed with any other kind. Return to text.
  3. In Latin, ‘genus’ conveys the meaning of origin, or ‘kind’, whereas ‘species’ means outward appearance (The Oxford Latin Minidictionary, 1995). Return to text.
  4. Creationist biologists today often combine the Hebrew words bara (create) and min (kind) to call the created kind a baramin. Return to text.
  5. Marsh, Frank L., Variation and Fixity in Nature, Pacific Press, CA, USA, p. 75, 1976. Return to text.
  6. Encyclopaedia Britannica 98 CD. Other authorities call the Panthera genus Leo, so that the lion is then Leo leo. Return to text.
  7. Keene Rees, Waimanalo Hapa Girl Makes 10! Waimanalo News, May 1995, , March 1, 2000. Return to text.
  8. The New Encyclopaedia Britannica 23:434, 1992. Return to text.
  9. Genae belongs to David Jolly, M.S. (USA). Genae was bred at a reptile park at Bakersfield. Corn snakes are one of the most popular pet snakes in North America, and snake fanciers have bred all sorts of colour variations, which are catalogued at , March 22, 2000. Return to text.
  10. See Wieland, C., Recreating the extinct Aurochs? Creation 14(2):25–28, 1992. Return to text.
  11. McConchie, C.A., Batten, D.J. and Vithanage, V., Intergeneric hybridization between litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) and longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.), Annals of Botany 74:111–118, 1994. Return to text.
 ~

Previously I have posted on the successful breeding in the wild between brown bears and polar bears and grizzly bears and also interbreeding amongst a wide range of baleen whales.  The determination to inject Darwinist thought into the classification system means that Darwinists have cluttered up and ruined that system.  Creation Scientists are at work following up on the lead of Carl Linnaeus and recharting creation step-by-step as they go along.  Naturally this is a process that will go on for generations, as there are so many organisms that have speciated along life's way.

Oh, on a personal note?  Dawkins did quite as well as any of my commenters with that question.  I have yet to hear a Darwinist give me an answer on the question of information entering into the genome.  Please go hit play on that youtube video just one more time.  Think about what Dawkins is saying.  Think about what he was asked.  Yep.

14 comments:

Jon Woolf said...

Brave Sir Radar ran away.
Bravely ran away away.
When Knowledge reared its ugly head,
He bravely turned his tail and fled.
Yes, brave Sir Radar turned about
And gallantly he chickened out.

Bravely taking to his feet,
He beat a very brave retreat.
Bravest of the braaaave, Sir Radar!

When are you going to admit you were wrong about Archaeopteryx, Radar?

Hawkeye® said...

Jon Woolf,
Shouldn't that be "Brave Sir Dawkins"?

highboy said...

Sorry but Dawkins has had some of the stupidest arguments I've seen yet in the debate over God's existence. He seems to epitomize the whole worldview.

radar said...

Woolf, again, tell me how it is that I am wrong about Archy? You can call names and run away all you like but you have yet to back up your words. In fact your derision just illustrates that you have nothing factual to say.

radar said...

"Brave Sir Radar ran away.
Bravely ran away away.
When Knowledge reared its ugly head,
He bravely turned his tail and fled.
Yes, brave Sir Radar turned about
And gallantly he chickened out.

Bravely taking to his feet,
He beat a very brave retreat.
Bravest of the braaaave, Sir Radar!

When are you going to admit you were wrong about Archaeopteryx, Radar?"

Hey, Woolf? Don't quit your day job. That is about a fourth grade effort at best. One last tired time, until you can show any unanimity in the scientific community that Archy could not be a bird and I do mean something beyond some write at WSJ, then you are simply wrong. Did you read all those papers linked by WSJ? Do you understand that they were only looking at the nature of the bone and not the skeletal structure or other evidence?

Jon Woolf said...

[laughing] Radar, you're making this way too easy. Takes a lot of the fun out of it, y'know.

Do you ever actually read the comments your opponents write? Your original claim, a few posts back, was that Archaeopteryx is a bird and there's no connection between it and dinosaurs. I countered with a lengthy quotation from a paleontology textbook that said Archaeopteryx has the skeleton of a dinosaur, and would certainly be classified as a dinosaur if it didn't have feathers. Go back and look -- it's still there.

As for the WSJ article, you pointed to it and claimed it devastated Archaeopteryx's status as a transitional. To then turn around and attack me for using it as a reference demonstrates substantial chutzpah.

And to claim that I don't provide evidence for my positions is ... well, there are several adjectives I could apply, but all are quite shockingly impolite.

The evidence shows that Archaeopteryx was definitely a dinosaur. Whether or not it was also a bird depends entirely on how you define "bird." But there is no way you can stick to the known evidence and still honestly argue that it was a bird and not a dinosaur.

Jon Woolf said...

Oh yeah, one other thing. Well, actually two other things.

Even today, creationists are often misrepresented as believing that God created all the species we have today, just like they are today, in the beginning. This is called ‘fixity of species’. The Bible does not teach this.

But creationists can and do and have. I've provided proof of this in past comments, which you have (of course) ignored because they threaten your worldview.

As for the whole issue of hybrids: what makes you think this is any kind of strike against either modern taxonomy or evolutionary theory?

radar said...

Woolf - on Archy I disagree with you. This makes me like a lot of scientists because there are some in the bird camp some in the dino camp and some in the not sure camp.
In fact the WSJ article and the links included with it are primarily focused on studying bone growth and not the entire structure of the creature. You hardly represent "knowledge" yourself. BTW focusing on Archy keeps you from addressing the big questions you cannot answer. Perhaps you and Dawkins have a lot in common?

"Even today, creationists are often misrepresented as believing that God created all the species we have today, just like they are today, in the beginning. This is called ‘fixity of species’. The Bible does not teach this.

But creationists can and do and have. I've provided proof of this in past comments, which you have (of course) ignored because they threaten your worldview."


Nope. Creationists who are scientists do not teach this. Classic straw man. You might find some uneducated pastor somewhere who doesn't know his science assert this but not a creation scientist. I am sure I can find a bunch of Darwinist who think the horse evolution chart is correct or that peppered moths prove Darwinism because you can find ignorance quite easily. I am working with top scientists and they do NOT teach that at all.

"As for the whole issue of hybrids: what makes you think this is any kind of strike against either modern taxonomy or evolutionary theory?"

It was an article about baraminology and the point is that you guys classify incorrectly. You do not understand that kinds are fixed and speciation is variation within kind so you do not always get things right. In fact the fanciful cladograms of Darwinists are meaningless since no macroevolution happens. Real scientists are sorting out kinds using DNA/genetics and animal husbandry to make a true classification system much as Linnaeus sought to do.

Jon Woolf said...

Radar:"Creationists who are scientists do not teach this."

"Not only could Darwin not cite a single example of a new species originating, but neither has anyone else, in all the subsequent century of evolutionary study." -- Henry Morris, Ph.D, in a paper for the Institute for Creation Research.

Can't you at least try to make your arguments hard to refute, Radar?

"In fact the WSJ article and the links included with it are primarily focused on studying bone growth..."

My quote from Dr. Carroll's textbook was not. Which, I see, you continue to ignore because it says something you don't want to hear.

Nonetheless, the basic point stands: claiming that Archaeopteryx is just a bird and has nothing to do with dinosaurs is akin to claiming that a square has nothing to do with rectangles.

"BTW focusing on Archy keeps you from addressing the big questions you cannot answer."

[snicker.wav] Such as?

"You do not understand that kinds are fixed..."

That's because they aren't.

radar said...

Jon, just because you say so? Nope.

Dr. Morris was correct, no NEW species are being seen as Darwinists have defined species. The speciation we see is merely the loss and or rearrangement of information already within the genome. You run like mad from that issue. You also run like mad from the information issue, period. My readers are unlikely to be fooled by the attempt to drag me down rabbit trails.

Now Creationists have quit trying to dialogue with Darwinists using their twisted ruin of the classification tables and are making their own in the steps and the spirit of Linnaeus. Creation scientists are redoing the classification tables based upon kinds and you guys can go make your cladograms and fairy tales about evolution that is never seen but once upon a time...

Jon Woolf said...

"Dr. Morris was correct, no NEW species are being seen as Darwinists have defined species."

Do you even know how scientists define a species?

"You also run like mad from the information issue, period. "

Asked and answered numerous times. You just didn't like the answer. By your definition, there is no information in the genome.

"Creation scientists..."

An oxymoron.

Anonymous said...

"no NEW species are being seen as Darwinists have defined species."

You've got that backwards. You even posted an example of an experiment in which new species were seen as "Darwinists" define species. Your objection to it was that you didn't see new species as you define species, i.e. bacteria were still bacteria (as if bacteria were a species, chuckle).

So your statement is flat-out wrong.

"This makes me like a lot of scientists because there are some in the bird camp some in the dino camp and some in the not sure camp."

But isn't that EXACTLY what you would expect with a transitional form?

Anonymous said...

"You also run like mad from the information issue, period."

If you had ever managed to back up your assertion with any kind of definition of information that can be used to quantify information - since your assertions are about the GAIN and LOSS of information - then you might have a point. But you never did - instead you posted some dictionary definitions and any number of analogies, but nothing that is of any actual use for the discussion at hand.

Your claims that other people are running away from the discussion are nothing but the usual bluster. You haven't even started to deal with the question at hand. No doubt you'll now google some articles about this and paste them at length, instead of demonstrating any independent understanding of the topic.

radar said...

Jon, if you cannot understand that information is not material in form and substance, then there is no hope for you. Containers of information can be quantified. The information cannot because it is not material.

You gag on that because it is a proof that the world does not consist only of the material, but there are the problems of life and information that are not material and therefore evidence of the supernatural. Not some spooky ghosts and goblins supernatural, but the Creator God, who has made His mark on the Universe, a mark you refuse to see. But you do see it, Jon. You just don't like it.