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Sunday, August 05, 2018

Degenerate Codons and Evolution

It may sound like a scientific insult, but degenerate in the genome context is quite specific. Advocates of universal common descent evolution presuppose their belief system (not pulling the reigns back and stopping to ask if evolution is true in the first place), and working from that starting point. This is why evolutionary scientists were embarrassed when they claimed that certain parts of the human genome had "junk" DNA, and this has been refuted. Still clinging to their faith in naturalism, evolutionists have referred labeled some codon areas as degenerate sites.

Evolutionists referred to some codon areas as degenerate, so evolution could happen there. This is false.
Credit: Freeimages / schulergd
Since evolutionary scientists could not explain why codons had redundancy, and could not understand why the third codon base was different from the first two, it was the maverick that could allow evolution to happen. And there are four layers of instruction. Further research shows that such a belief needs to be put out to pasture. If scientists took the view that the Master Engineer put things together the way he did for specific reasons, they may not be embarrassed so often.
While the idea of codon degeneracy has been promoted for years as a viable place in the genome where evolution can occur and actually be measured, research discoveries over the past decade have increasingly discredited this concept. Perhaps the most exciting discovery is that other codes are embedded within and overlay the codons.
In one study, it was found that a different set of code overlaying the codons instructs cellular protein machinery called transcription factors, which control the expression of genes, where to latch on to the DNA inside genes. While one group of codons delineates the amino acid order in a protein, the exact same sequence of DNA letters can also instruct cellular machinery where to bind to the gene to make the RNA copies needed to make a protein. Researchers called these codes duons.
To read the entire article (which is not overly lengthy), click on "Codons Are Not Degenerate After All".